Wednesday, October 15, 2014

Oracle Mass Additions Create (APMACR)


Overview
The Mass Additions Create Program (APMACR) is submitted from an Accounts Payable (AP) responsibility. The purpose of the program is to interface the costs of purchased items that meet the criteria to become an asset. It also interfaces adjustments to the invoice cost and discounts taken when the invoice is paid for assets that have already been interfaced.
Types of Assets
There are three types of assets:
  • capitalized
  • construction-in-process (CIP)
  • expensed
Which type of asset an invoice distribution becomes depends on the natural account segment and the asset category configuration. Any invoice distribution that is charged to an expense account is eligible to be transferred to Fixed Assets (FA) as an expense type asset if the “Track as Asset” option is selected on the distribution line. These expenses are not depreciated in FA, but they are reported as an expense. Capitalized assets will start to depreciate based on the depreciation method rules and the date placed in service. CIP assets do not depreciate until the asset is capitalized and placed into service in FA after they have been transferred.
Set Up Steps
  1. Define the account type of an account in GL.
    Responsibility: General Ledger
    Navigation: / Setup / Flexfields / Key / Values
    Define the segment qualifier “Account Type” as either Asset or Expense
  1. Define the asset clearing and CIP clearing accounts for an asset book
    Responsibility: Fixed Assets
    Navigation: / Setup / Asset System / Categories
    A complete account is set up in this screen. However, for the mass additions process, only the natural account segment is evaluated. You can use the same natural account with different company or cost centers, and they will still be selected as an asset. In R11i, this meant that you must set up a different natural account segment for every asset book you use. That is still an option in R12. However, in R12, you can now specify the Asset Book at the invoice distribution level so you ensure the distribution is transferred to the correct asset book.
Note: The entire General Ledger Account shows in the asset category setup screen. However, the Mass Additions Create process only looks at the natural account segment of that account. In the screen shot above, the third segment is the natural account segment, so account 1570 and 1590 are the two natural account segments that the Mass Additions Create Process will use to transfer costs from Payables to the OPS CORP book.
  1. Enter an invoice and ensure the track as asset flag is selected
Responsibility: Payables
Navigation: / Invoices / Entry / Invoice Batches or Invoices / Lines / Distributions
Note: In the distributions screen, the Track as Asset field is not displayed by default. It is automatically checked for all asset type accounts and cannot be unchecked. To set the flag for expense type assets, go to the / Folder / Show Field option and elect to display the Track as Asset field.
  1. Optionally, enter the Asset Book and Asset Category on the invoice line. If these values are entered on the invoice line, the asset book and asset category will default to the distribution line. When the item is transferred to FA, the distribution amount will default to the asset category and asset book assigned in payables.
Responsibility: Payables
Navigation: / Invoices / Entry / Invoice Batches or Invoices / Lines
Note: If the distribution lines are saved before the asset book or asset category is populated on the invoice line, then the distribution line will not have this information copied to the distribution. The asset book can be manually populated at the distribution level, but the asset category will need to be assigned when the mass addition line is prepared.
Requirements to Transfer Lines to FA
In order for an invoice distribution amount to be transferred to FA, the invoice must meet the following conditions:
  • The invoice is approved.
  • The invoice line distribution is finally accounted.
  • The invoice distribution line is charged to an account set up as an asset type account (CIP or capitalized assets) or an expense type account (expensed asset).
  • If an invoice distribution charge account is an asset type account, then that account must be set up in Fixed Assets on an asset category as either an Asset Clearing Account or a CIP Clearing Account. If it is not set up, the mass additions create process will select the invoice distribution line for evaluation, but it will be rejected by the FA code. At that point, the assets_addition_flag is set to ‘N’ as the line was evaluated, but rejected.
  • The “Track as Asset” check box is selected. This checkbox is automatically checked if the distribution charge account is an asset type account and cannot be changed. For expense type accounts, this box can be checked or unchecked. For other account types. The “Track as Asset” check box remains greyed out and cannot be selected.
  • If the invoice line is assigned to a project, it is not a capital project.
  • The accounting/GL date on the invoice line distribution is on or before the date specified for the Create Mass Additions request
  • In a multiple organizations set up, the Payables operating unit must be tied to the same General Ledger Set of Books as the corporate book.
  • The user running the mass additions create responsibility must have access to the ledger to be processed.
Accounting Class Assignments
The mass additions create process bases which transactions are sent to FA on the Accounting Class Assignments setup. By default, the following accounting classes will be evaluated to send to FA.
  • Accrual
  • Cost
  • Discount
  • Exchange Rate Variance (ERV)
  • Expense
  • Freight
  • Interest Expense
  • Invoice Price Variance (IPV)
  • Item Expense
  • Miscellaneous Expense
  • Tax Exchange Rate Variance (TERV)
  • Tax Invoice Price Variance (TIPV)
  • Tax Rate Variance (TRV)
Item Expense and Accrual Accounting Classes
Item expense and accrual invoice distributions will be transferred to FA based on the criteria discussed above. Each line is interfaced as one asset in the NEW queue. The various costs can be merged in the Prepare Mass Additions process, added to an existing asset, or each invoice distribution can be posted as a separate asset.
Variance Accounting Classes
Variance lines (IPV and ERV) lines will have the related_id on the invoice distribution point to its associated item line. Each line is interfaced in the MERGED queue. In other words, the IPV and ERV lines will be added to the costs of the item distribution when they are posted to FA.
Discount Accounting Class
Discounts are based on the payment accounting and tied back to the invoice distribution through the payment history data. Discounts on payments of assets will be interfaced to FA in the NEW queue as adjustments. Discounts should be processed as cost adjustments to the asset.
Other Accounting Classes
Other non-accrual and non-item lines, e.g. Freight and Miscellaneous lines, if allocated to the item line, will inherit the account of its associated line item. In this case, the charge_applicable_to_dist_id value on the invoice distribution will be populated and the line will be interface to FA along with the parent item line.
For example, a PO (accrue on receipt is set to yes in this example) is entered for $500 USD. The PO charge account 01-000-1570-0000 is an asset account. When invoiced, the price is $550 US. When the invoice is accounted, an invoice distribution line of $50 difference between the PO cost and the invoice cost for the IPV will be created.
Tax, Freight, and Misc Only Lines
An enhancement request, request 13821160, was implemented to allow tax, miscellaneous, and freight only invoices to be transferred to FA if there is no item line. This requires that the “Allow Unallocated Line Types” flag is check on the asset book. The navigation path for this flag in the Fixed Assets responsibility is  Setup > Asset System > Book Controls.
Invoice Line Type/ Accounting Class Account Invoice
Distribution
id
Related
id
Charge
applicable
to dist id
Track As Asset Amount
INV1 Accrual 1570 10000 Y 500
INV1 IPV 1700 10001 10000 N 50
INV2 Item 1570 11000 Y 100
INV2 Freight 1700 11001 11000 N 10
INV3 Item 1570 12000 Y 200
INV3 Freight 1700 12001 N 20
INV4 Freight 1570 13000 Y 200
INV4 Freight 1700 13001 N 30
INV5 Freight 1570 14000 Y 100
INV5 Misc 1570 14001 Y 50
INV5 Misc 1700 14002 N 50
Account 1570 is an asset type account and is set up as the asset clearing account. Account 1700 is not an asset type account.
For INV1, two lines will be transferred to FA. The IPV line will be placed in the MERGED queue and associated to the ACCRUAL line. The accrual line will be in the NEW queue. A total of $550 will be posted for the asset.
For INV2, two lines will be transferred to FA. The freight line will be in the MERGED queue and the item line will be in the NEW queue. A total of $110 will be posted for the asset.
For INV3, one item line will be transferred to FA, totaling $200. Even though the freight line has an asset account, it is not allocated to an item line and is not marked to track as an asset, so it does not meet all the criteria to be transferred as an asset.
For INV4, one line for $200 will be transferred to FA if the “Allow Unallocated Line Types” flag is checked. If the “Allow Unallocated Line Types” flag is not checked, nothing will be transferred to FA.
For INV5, two lines will be transferred to FA, totaling $150. If the “Allow Unallocated Line Types” flag is not checked, these items will not be transferred to FA.
Non-Recoverable Taxes
To send non-recoverable tax amounts from AP to FA as part of the asset cost, the Non-Recoverable Tax accounting class assignment must be added to the Oracle Standard Transfer Assignment for the Mass Additions Create Program.
Responsibility: Payables Manager
Navigation: Setup / Accounting Setups / Sub ledger Accounting Setup-> Post-Accounting Programs
  1. Query for Program Name  'Mass Additions Create'
  1. Select the Assignment Definition ‘Oracle Standard’ Assignment Code
  1. Select the ‘Copy Assignment’ to create a new assignment
  1. Enter a new assignment code and assignment name. Enter a journal if you only want to modify the assignment for one ledger.
  2. For the new assignment code, select the 'Accounting Class Assignments' button
  1. Insert a row, selecting Non-Recoverable Tax from the LOV.
The Mass Additions Create accounting class assignments is seeded by Oracle and cannot be updated. Be sure to enable the assignment definition, and assign it to the appropriate ledger.
Tax lines will be transferred into the MERGED queue and can be reviewed in FA in the / Assets / Asset Workbench / Source Lines window.
Public Sector Financials
If Public Sector Financials are implemented, an additional process must be run before the Mass Additions Create job, the Update Assets Tracking Flag process (psafatab.pls). This process will set the assets tracking flag to yes on invoice distribution lines in compliance with the GASB 34 and GASB 35.
Changes to Mass Additions Create in R12
In release 12, the Mass Additions Create process (apmassab.pls) inserts the records into the FA_MASS_ADDITIONS_GT table, a global temporary table. In 11i, it inserted the records directly into the FA_MASS_ADDITIONS table.
The Mass Additions Create process then calls the fixed assets code, FA_MASSADD_CREATE_PKG (famadcb.pls), which determines whether the selected data meets the criteria to be set moved to the FA_MASS_ADDITIONS table based on the asset book controls and the configured asset and cip clearing accounts.
The Mass Additions Create process calls the project accounting procedure PA_MASS_ADDITIONS_PKG (pamassab.pls) code to insert adjustments to projects that were interfaced to AP and insert any discount adjustments to projects.
The profile option “FA: Include Nonrecoverable Tax in Mass Addition” is obsolete in R12.  See the Non-Recoverable Taxes section to see how to transfer these costs to FA. In 11i, the cost of the asset would be transferred with the tax amount added. In R12, the tax lines will transfer to be MERGED to the item line, and the history of the amounts will be available by reviewing the source lines in FA.
The asset book and asset category can be defined in Payables on the invoice line. These then default down to the invoice distribution. If these are defined in Payables, they will appear in the Mass Additions Prepare screen when the asset is reviewed. They can be left null in payables, and the system will look at the asset clearing accounts and CIP clearing accounts setup for the book in FA, and pull the invoice lines charged to an account that is set up for that account.
The mass additions create process uses the accounting amount data and accounting class data in the xla tables (xla_ae_headers, xla_ae_lines, and xla_distribution_links) rather than the transaction amounts in the ap_invoice_distribution tables.

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